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"My beloved Nickerie"


Nickerie is the western border district of Suriname.
The first plantation was founded in 1797, nearly 150 years after the first Europeans had settled in Suriname.
When the soil turned to be very fertile, many setllers moved to Nickerie.
Till 1982, when the borders were redefined, Nickerie was the
largest district (64.000 sq. km).
As a result of the redefenition 2/3 of the (southern) territory of Nickerie was transferred to the newly formed district of Sipaliwini.


Suriname's most popular flower fayalobi (rubiaceae)

The capital of Nickerie is Nieuw Nickerie (Suriname’s second city).
Nieuw Nickerie was founded in 1879, out of necessity, at the present location on the left bank of the Nickerie river.
The former capitals De Punt and Post Rotterdam, which were located on the right bank of the Nickerie river, were eroded by the sea (Atlantic Ocean), as the north-western part of Nickerie is under sealevel.


Dike (Zeedijk) which is protecting Nickerie; this is the ideal spot to watch sunset

The street plan of Nieuw Nickerie looks like a checkerboard.
Similar to New York, the streets are at right angles to each other (all streets are structured either in a north-south, or east-west direction).
Because the Nickerie river does not flow in a straight east-west line,
the road alongside the river crosses all the streets which lead to the river in a similar angle.
The city is split up in an east and west section by a channel.
(image on frontpage)


St. Jozefstraat is where I used to live



Overview of port and city

Nickerie is an agriculture district, with very high productivity.
It is the main provider of rice for the domestic market.
The growing of rice was initiated late in the 19th century by immigrants from India and Java.
Nowadays the rice sector is one of the cornerstones of Suriname's economy.
Nickerie is exporting rice and bananas.


Rice warehouse at Wageningen

East of the Nickerie river mouth (on the right bank), there is a large swamp area, called Bigi Pan.
This area is of great importance for breeding, migration and wintering of a wide variety of birds.
Bigi Pan is also very rich in fish and shrimp, and is an important nursery for these species.


Nickerie is renowned for it's delicious kwikwi (hoplosternum thoracatum)

Life in Nickerie is heavily influenced by neighbouring (British) Guyana.
This is obvious in different areas; architecture, language, names,
music, sports (Nickerie has the only cricketleague in Suriname).
Some examples of names which were "imported" via Guyana are:
Bourne, Coach, Craig, Crawford, Critchlow, Greenidge, Hollingsworth, Mac Donald, Mac Intosch and Romeo.


Nickerian architecture



Part of the east-west road link is the bridge across the Nickerie river
at Klein Henar polder

Nickerie is the westend of the east-west road link.
The distance from the Corantijnbank to Paramaribo is 260 km and
360 km to Albina (east border).
There is a daily connection by air to Paramaribo, whith a flighttime of approximately one hour.


Twin-Otter at Nickerie Airport

"Nickerie, na ini yu mi sa wani beri"
(from the lyrics of the song "Ay Sranan" by Max Nijman)



Angalampu (malvaceae)


Nickerie, surely one of a kind!
Where in the world, would you find places with names such as
Paradise, Waterloo or Longmay?

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  cybernauts have touched Nickerie's soil so far.


Copyright Marlon Romeo
MCMXCVII
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